Are labor issues on the demand or supply side? And do labor market regulations have workers’ “welfare” at heart?
As far as problem solving is concerned, one has to dig deep and “get to the bottom of it”. The eternal dilemma of tackling how labor market regulations impact the labor market structure, performance and outcome has always been in identifying its essence. Inarguably, labor market issues are numerous and, depending on how you look at it, they could arise from both the demand and the supply sides; the supply side being education, training… etc. and the demand side presented in the employment sector.
The papers presented in this workshop (Labor Market Institutions and Labor Market Performance and Outcomes) particularly focus on the demand side; specifically on the impact of labor market regulations, such as formality, gender employment and social security, on labor market outcomes. The closing session concluded with policy perspectives; engaging a panel chaired by Dr.Ahmed Galal in a discussion of different policy implications that have been brought up by earlier speakers. The panel involved Dr. Ragui Assaad (Humphrey School of Public Affairs), University of Minnesota), Dr. Mustapha Nabli (Former governor, Central Bank of Tunisia) and finally Dr. Nader Kabbani (Director of Research and Policy,Silatech).
Dr. Assaad goes first with concluding remarks on how challenging it can be to identify the real impacts of labor market regulations on the market structure and performance. He argues that clean identification is very hard to come by, as he explains when interviewed, due to the various distortions that could affect the making of regulations (such as economic crises or growth spurts), which makes it harder for economists to identify the real drivers and impacts on the market.